FreeBSD virtual environment management and repository

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CBSD was developed in terms of user-friendly, taking into account the convenience for the user during interactive work. You may ask - well, interactive dialogs are wonderful. But what if you have the task of building a scalable cluster, where higher-level logic will manage the virtual machines, and for this reason, we don’t need interactive commands - can CBSD be useful for you in this case?

This article describes an example of creating and managing a CBSD cluster via an asynchronous interface using a minimalistic and fast net/beanstalkd broker. Instead of beanstalkd, any other broker can act, such as ActiveMQ, ZeroMQ, RabbitMQ or Kafka. By convention, let's call this a low level of virtual machine management, which provides delivery and return of results when managing virtual machines, such as creating a VM, adding a disk, creating a snapshot, migration, cloning, changing the VNC port, etc. At a higher level may be your application (controller).

Here we will use multiple CBSD workspaces, when some resources can be initialized in the separated directory. This opens up great opportunities for building pool-binded methods for hosting virtual machines. Pool-binded cluster means that all services or virtual machines of the cluster will be tied to one or another pool, which can move from one server to another in emergency situations, during DRS operation or equipment maintenance. Thus, it can become the basis for building a 'shared nothing cluster' based on FreeBSD and CBSD.

The creation of a failover cluster will be described in a more extended article, here we will restrict ourselves to several CBSD working environments to demonstrate the operation of the asynchronous interface through an broker bus. We assume that CBSD is already installed and configured on the server. We need a beanstalkd service that acts as a shared bus for all agents. Let's put beanstalkd in jail on our server. To do this, create a jail with an arbitrary name in which beanstalkd will be launched, for example, bs1 (assign the container the correct working IP address, we need it):

		cbsd jconstruct-tui
		cbsd pkg jname=bs1 mode=update
		cbsd pkg jname=bs1 mode=install net/beanstalkd
		cbsd sysrc jname=bs1 beanstalkd_enable=YES
		cbsd jstart bs1

Then, we initialize two independent environments (in a real cluster, these can be different pools and, of course, there may be more), for example, in /pool1 and /pool2 directories:

		env workdir=/pool1 /usr/local/cbsd/sudoexec/initenv

to the question of changing the rc.conf file, answer 'n', this initialization should not modify your main configuration files.

to the question of enabling NAT (nat_enable: Enable NAT for RFC1918 networks?) answer “no” - it should already work for you on the main system.

Repeat the same for the second environment:

		env workdir=/pool2 /usr/local/cbsd/sudoexec/initenv

with similar answers.

Now, CBSD can work in these environments through the workdir variable, for example:

		env workdir=/pool1 cbsd jconstruct-tui
		env workdir=/pool2 cbsd jconstruct-tui


Each environment will be served by a small agent (let's call it bs_router) which will connect to beanstalkd and process requests. Lets clone it:

		cd /root
		git clone /root/bs_router

The example is written in GO, so to build the project we need for golang:

		pkg install -y lang/go


		cd bs_router
		setenv GOPATH /root/bs_router
		go get
		go build
		cp -a bs_router /usr/local/sbin

Now copy the configuration file and adjust for each pool:

		cp -a config.json /usr/local/etc/pool1.json
		cp -a config.json /usr/local/etc/pool2.json

In both files, please change:

  • uri - instead of, set IP address of bs1 jail, e.g: (if bs1 has IP
  • cbsdenv - for pool1.json config it will be pointed to /pool1, for pool2.json - /pool2
  • tube - which pipe to subscribe to, for pool1.json config let it be "cbsd_pool1", and for pool2.json - cbsd_pool2
  • reply_tube_prefix which pipe do we use for reply. For pool1.json let it be: cbsd_pool1_result_id, and for pool2.json - cbsd_pool2_result_id

Now start both agents with the configuration file via command line:

		/usr/local/sbin/bs_router -config /usr/local/etc/pool1.json
		/usr/local/sbin/bs_router -config /usr/local/etc/pool2.json

That's it, now everything that we will send to the beanstalk queue with the corresponding name and the corresponding payload in json format will be transmitted to CBSD and a response will be received.

As an example, we clone a client sample to our CBSD agent, which will connect to beanstalkd and send requests:

		cd /root
		git clone
		cd bs_router-client
		setenv GOPATH /root/bs_router-client
		go get
		go build

As a result, we got the bs_router-client binary file, which can now be used to send and receive tasks to different CBSD environments. Take a look at the bin.jail and bin.bhyve directories for examples of use.

When working with cloud images, it makes sense to first 'warm up' all the cloud images so that the creation of the first virtual machine does not slow down the process, for example, for pool1 this can be done like this:

		env workdir=/pool1 cbsd fetch_iso keepname=0 conv2zvol=1 cloud=1 dstdir=default

After this command, you can use the result of executing the scripts /root/bs_router-client/bin.bhyve/ and /root/bs_router-client/bin.bhyve/ without delay.